Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects how the body turns food into energy.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious health threat, especially for people living with diabetes. Two TB-related conditions exist: latent TB infection and TB disease. People with latent TB infection are not sick because the body is able to fight the bacteria to stop them from growing. People with TB disease are sick and have active TB because the body cannot stop the bacteria from growing. People living with diabetes who are also infected with TB are more likely to develop TB disease and become sick with TB.
Someone with untreated latent TB infection and diabetes is more likely to develop TB disease than someone without diabetes. Without proper treatment, diabetes and TB can increase health complications.